Thursday, May 28, 2020

A Comparison of Atonement and Lantana - Literature Essay Samples

Through their respective texts, Atonement and Lantana, authors Ian McEwan and Ray Lawrence expertly convey the ideas of betrayal, atonement, loss and class. Within Atonement, McEwan employs stylistic features repetition, motif, symbolism and characterisation to explore the idea of betraying a loved one, the effort required to atone for this transgression, and the influence of class in pre-war British society. Contrastingly, Lawrence utilises mise en scene, soundtrack, camera shots and dialogue within Lantana to express his concerns regarding not only the infidelity and betrayal in contemporary urban life, and the importance of redeeming oneself, but the influence of socioeconomic status on the attainment of happiness. Within Atonement, McEwan portrays the idea of betrayal through the technique of repetition. childish protagonist Briony believes Robbie is the rapist, and frequently repeats Yes I saw him. I saw him, ultimately betraying her family friend, and her sister Cecelia. Through repetition, McEwan conveys the intensity of Briony’s belief, and the vast extent of her betrayal, as she never considers the possibility of false understandings. Contrastingly, Lawrence conveys betrayal through John and Valerie’s relationship, in John’s ignorance of Valeries pleas to assist her, ultimately leading to her death. Mise en scene and editing is utilised through the image of the phone and answering machine, surrounded by family photos, to convey the harsh betrayal with which John ignores the voice over of her pleas for help. The stark contrast between the lighting of Valerie’s telephone box, and the cut to the warm lighting of their home highlights the intensity of John’s betrayal. Indeed, in contrasting ways, both McEwan and Lawrence convey the idea of betrayal through techniques of repetition and mise en scene respectively. Similarly, McEwan and Lawrence display atonement, a concept that goes hand in hand with betrayal, through techniques such as motifs, and soundtrack respectively. Within Atonement, Briony’s realisation of her wrongdoings leads her to work towards redemption until her old age. Through writing Atonement, the novel itself, not simply a letter, but a new draft, an atonement, Briony recreates the story so Cecilia and Robbie can have the life they deserved, whilst punishing herself for her wrongdoings. Through this, McEwen conveys to the reader how significantly her transgressions have impacted her life, and the importance of rectifying her mistake. Alternatively, Lawrence conveys the idea of atonement through utilising the soundtrack. When Sonia and Leon dance, Leon begins to atone for having an affair by actively trying to repair his relationship. The music accompanying this scene, What do you know of love?, provides an upbeat, romantic atmosphere, suggesting to the audience that t hrough atonement, damage can be repaired. Certainly, through the use of motifs by McEwan, and of soundtrack by Lawrence, both authors are able to convey ideas on the theme of atonement within their texts. The idea of loss is also quite prevalent throughout McEwan’s text, Atonement, made clear through foreshadowing and symbolism. McEwan utilises foreshadowing when Robbie and Cecelia break the vase, symbolic of their relationship and it’s inevitable doom due to the actions of Robbie. This vase, of which split into two triangular pieces [] and lay there, several inches apart, foreshadows how they will become separated, eventually losing each other and their lives. Through this, McEwan conveys the severity of Brionys actions, and how two people lost their happiness because of her lies. In a similar way, Lawrence conveys the devastation associated with losing a child through techniques such as camera shots and dialogue. When John and Valerie share intimacy, a close up of their faces is shown, but never in the same shot, highlighting their isolation. Accompanied by the line look at me John, to which John averts his gaze, Lawrence conveys how the couple are united through their grief for their dead daughter, and nothing more, highlighting the immense impact loss can have on relationships within contemporary society. No doubt, through their use of foreshadowing and symbolism, as well as camera shots and dialogue respectively, both McEwan and Lawrence convey their ideas of the concept of loss through their texts, Atonement and Lantana. Certainly, McEwan and Lawrences convey the idea of class and the distinction between characters through characterisation and mise en scene. McEwan employs the characterisation of Emily Tallis as a reflection of the upper class society of Britain in pre-war society. Whilst she waits for the search parties to return, Emily takes particular distaste to the presence of Robbie, and evaluates how she opposed Jack when the proposed paying for the boys education, a statement which conveys how she believes her family is above the lower class citizens of the time, so much so that she would believe the word of a child over an adult. Through Emily, McEwan conveys his ideas on the upper class of Britain during the late 1930s, and his distaste of the snobbery with which they conducted themselves. In contrast, Lawrence conveys the idea of class in a much more simplistic way, employing the technique of mise en scene. Lawrence places Jane’s house, a two story building made of fine and valuable materials, next to Nick and Paula’s, a run down one story house, reflective of their financial status. In this way, Lawerence conveys the idea that true happiness comes from mutual trust, respect and love from the people in your life, not wealth. Clearly, though the use of characterisation and mise en scene respectively, both McEwan and Lawrence are able to convey their concerns regarding class and the influence of status in contemporary society.Through their respective texts, authors Ian McEwan and Ray Lawrence expertly convey their concerns regarding the prevalence of betrayal within relationships and the sense of loss this can generate, as well as the importance of redemption and influence of socioeconomic status on one’s happiness. Through the conventional stylistic features of repetition, motif, foreshadowing, symbolism, and characterisation employed by McEwan Atonement, and the mise en scene, soundtrack, camera shots and dialogue utilised by Lawrence Lantana, both authors of their respective texts not only depict these common ideas, but convey their concerns regarding these aspects of contemporary society, and the need for their consideration in everyday life.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Morality of Abortion - 1478 Words

Morality of Abortion For the past couple of decades, the issue of abortion has been the most heated topic debated in the United States. When considering this topic, one must look at three things: ethics, emotions and the law; for all of these are important to this issue. Like any debate, there are two sides to this issue: pro-choice and pro-life. The people who are pro- abortion say that the mother is the ultimate person to decide to abort a pregnancy and that the government should not get involved. On the other hand, a person against abortion would state that from the time of conception, the embryo/fetus is considered a human being. By aborting one is committing murder and taking away that human beings life, liberty and the pursuit†¦show more content†¦They will pay for all the expenses that the pregnancy may incur. When looking at the case of therapeutics abortion, it is quite different. Many times when a woman is pregnant, some complications arise and there can be a threat to both the growing fetus and the mother. Sometime nature has its own way of stopping the pregnancy which can avoid danger to the mother. This is called a miscarriage and this stops the fetus from growing. But there are also many times that this does not happen. There have been many instances when the life of the mother is in danger during a pregnancy. Without aborting the pregnancy the mother would die and I believe that in this instance abortion can be morally justified. During these complications the growing babies have a higher chance of death so instead of having both, the mother and the child, die; by aborting the pregnancy, at least one life can be saved. I think that this would be one of the exceptions where abortion could be plausible and perhaps morally justified. Another circumstance in which abortion can be justified is in the case of rape. There are thousands of rapes that occur each year, and some of the times these rapes lead to pregnancy. The violent experience itself brings down a harsh reality on the woman in question. Many times the rapist is a ‘known person, and the woman must now also deal with a huge breach of trust among other repercussions of the assault she hasShow MoreRelatedAbortion : The Morality Of Abortion1442 Words   |  6 Pagesdebated topics in bioethics is the morality of abortion, or the ending of a pregnancy without physically giving birth to an infant. Often times abortions are categorized into either spontaneous, a natural miscarriage; induced or intentional, which is premeditated and for any reason; or therapeutic, which albeit intentional, its sole purpose is to save the mother’s life. It seems however that moral conflicts on issue mainly arise when discussing induced abortions. In general, people universally agreeRead MoreAbortion And The Morality Of It921 Words   |  4 PagesAbortion and the morality of it has been a hot topic for years in the United States although it has been carried out for centuries in different cultures. Abortion is a medical procedure deliberately terminating a pregnancy. Abortions usually happen within the first 28 weeks of pregnancy and are considered an outpatient procedure. The first abortion laws were passed by Britain in 1803 and by 1880 most abortions in the U.S. were illegal, except for those that were performed to save the life of a womanRead MoreIs The Morality Of Abortions?956 Words   |  4 PagesThe topic I choose to discuss is the morality of abortions. Merriam-Webster defines abortion as the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus. Abortion has been a very controversial matter and the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral and legal status of induced a bortion. Some individuals are pro life and completely against it; they feel that abortion is immoral is because it is the intentional killing of a human beingRead MoreThe Morality Of The Abortion Of A Fetus1948 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction: In this essay, the morality of the abortion of a fetus will be discussed in a drama involving a married couple named Deb and Derek (Smolkin, Bourgeois Findler, 2010).  For clarification purposes, we must first define the topic of this discussion; abortion is defined as the act in which a female voluntarily terminates her pregnancy where this act is legally permitted (Warren, 1973). Deb who is 16 weeks pregnant discovers that the fetus she is carrying will most likely be born mentallyRead MoreThe Morality of Abortion Essay1413 Words   |  6 PagesThe Morality of Abortion On the question of abortion being moral, the answer is clearly that terminating a fetus life under certain circumstances is not only moral, but it is also our responsibility to terminate it if the quality of life is in question for the fetus. A second major reason is that to declare abortion immoral would mean that we would have to consider the factor of how the conception came about. This cannot and should not be done. Quality is a major factor in the questionRead MoreA Debate On The Morality Of Abortion1575 Words   |  7 Pagesthat makes sense to me and that has moral significance is clearly our ability to love, to put the needs of others before ourselves, and do it regardless of the personnel cost. Without this ability we would not even be having a debate on the morality of abortion. Thus I am arguing that the human ability to love and have a moral compass is what gives us our inherent value. Some might object that I added the potential clause to the sentence â€Å"To be human is to be at once a member of the species Homo sapiensRead MoreThe Legality And Morality Of Abortion1103 Words   |  5 Pages The legality and morality of abortion is a huge topic in today’s society. Are there ever times when it is justified? Who has a say in the matter of whether or not it is justified? How does one know how to justify abortion? â€Å"Given a particular pregnancy, who should decide whether or not it ought to be terminated?† (Jaggar, 218) People argue over whether or not the unborn child has the right to life or does the woman have the right to her own body. Other party’s possibly involved are the stateRead More The Morality of Abortions Essay2719 Words   |  11 PagesThe Morality of Abortions Abortion’s legalization through Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade, has allowed for one in three pregnancies to end in abortion. This means that 1.5 million abortions are performed in the United States each year (Flanders 3). It ranks among the most complex and controversial issues, arousing heated legal, political, and ethical debates. The modern debate over abortion is a conflict of competing moral ideas and of fundamental human rights: to life, to privacy, to control overRead MoreThe Morality of Abortion Essay examples1494 Words   |  6 PagesThe Morality of Abortion Abortion is the termination of a foetus whilst in the womb and is a constantly argued issue in todays society. Whether abortion is moral or immoral depends on many topics and on one particular topic; when does life start? In 1976 the Abortion act was made active in England and Wales. This allowed the termination of a foetus aged up to 28 weeks, and for the first time women had the right to terminate an unwanted pregnancy. However limitationsRead MoreMorality Of Abortion s Argument1207 Words   |  5 Pages Morality of Abortion Counter-Argument Kyle Pedigo PHI 103: Informal Logic Micheal Pelt August 29, 2015 â€Æ' Morality of Abortion This paper is written to present a counter argument. This is a counter argument to a debate that has been around for a very long time and likely will not go away any time soon. The topic I will be covering is: Does the stage of pregnancy affect the morality of abortion? In my opinion I have to say no. But, my opinion is not the subject of this paper. My original argument

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Tragic Flaw Of Death Of A Salesman - 1644 Words

Jackson Emory 1/17/17 English Tragic Flaw in Death of a Salesman Death of a Salesman explores a wide range of topics and ideas, from the American dream to suicide and even carbon monoxide poisoning. But one of the most prevalent ideas explored in the novel is the idea of a Tragic Hero. Willy Loman was known for many things, like being a salesman and committing suicide, to name a few, but most of the people who read Death of a Salesman will know him for being a Tragic Hero. Aspects of a Tragic Hero include Hamartia, Hubris, Anagnorisis, and Catharsis, all of which will be explored throughout this essay. Hamartia is the Tragic flaw that eventually leads to the downfall of a hero. Willy exhibits multiple examples of Tragic Flaws, any of†¦show more content†¦Natural order is how things are supposed to turn out, and Willy completely ignores this. He cannot accept failure, and will not listen when bad news is presented. He tends to project himself on his sons, trying to force them into his hopes for them, not what their hopes are for themselve s. He sees Biff as a strong salesman, while Biff wants to have his own ranch out west. Willy defies reality, and attempts to twist his life into his ultimate fantasy, as a successful businessman with successful sons living in a paid off house with his loving wife, but unfortunately his reality is much bleaker. Willy sees himself as the ultimate salesman and one of the most valuable aspects of his company, and when he goes to talk to Howard to try and get a job closer to home but is fired, he cannot accept that fact and lies to Linda and his sons to try and cover his tracks and change his mindset. Willy’s sense of pride is also a trait of hubris. He is very proud of his family and his few successes, and tries to â€Å"sugarcoat† things to other people when the reality is far from good. Even his family seems to have caught on to this trait. For example, when Happy and Biff are waiting for Willy in the restaurant, Happy sees a girl he finds attractive. He calls her over a nd lies to her about being a champagne salesman. When she compliments his career, he says â€Å"Oh, it gets to be like everything else. Selling is selling, y’know?† (101). This is ironicShow MoreRelatedWillys Tragic Flaw and the Effect it Has Upon his Sons in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller1510 Words   |  7 PagesWillys Tragic Flaw and the Effect it Has Upon his Sons in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Willys Tragic Flaw and the Effect it Has Upon his Sons Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller concerns itself with the fall of a simple man perpetually in a steadfast state regarding his own failure in a success-driven society. The protagonist of the play, Willy Loman, will follow a tragic trajectory that will eventually lead to his suicide. Arthur Millers tragic play is an accurate portrayal of theRead MoreDeath of a Salesman vs. Tragedy and the Common Man1220 Words   |  5 Pagesramifications for the tragic hero. This pattern supports the central idea that a tragedy can occur for characters who are common men as well as those in high places. Throughout his paper, Miller demonstrates that it should be possible for every reader to be able to identify with the tragic hero. Miller redefines tragedy as more common occurrence than what might happen in tragedies such as portrayed by Shakespeare and other classical writers, thus defining Death of a Salesman as a tragedy. WillyRead More Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller: Willy Loman is NOT a Tragic Hero987 Words   |  4 PagesDeath of a Salesman by Arthur Miller: Willy Loman is NOT a Tragic Hero In The Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, it is argued weather that Willy Loman is a tragic hero. There are cases for both classifications of Willy. By definition, a tragic hero is a person born into nobility, is responsible for their own fate, endowed with a tragic flaw, and doomed to make a serious error in judgment. The tragic hero eventually falls from great esteem. They realize they have made an irreversible mistakeRead More Comparing the Tragedies of Hamlet, Oedipus the King, and Death of a Salesman1023 Words   |  5 Pagesthe Tragedies of Hamlet, Oedipus the King, and Death of a Salesman The tragedies Hamlet, Oedipus the King, and Death of a Salesman have strikingly different plots and characters; however, each play shares common elements in its resolution. The events in the plays’ closings derive from a tragic flaw possessed by the protagonist in each play. The downfall of each protagonist is caused by his inability to effectively cope with his tragic flaw. The various similarities in the closing of eachRead More Willy Loman, Redefining the Tragic Hero in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman1065 Words   |  5 PagesWilly Loman, Redefining the Tragic Hero in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman      Ã‚  Ã‚   The events in the life of Willy Loman in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman are no doubt tragic, yet whether or not he can be considered a tragic hero in a traditional sense is a topic requiring some discussion. Aristotle set the criteria for qualities a character must possess in order to be considered a tragic hero. In order to reach a conclusion on this matter, all six criteria must be examined to determineRead MoreTragedy and the Common Man1191 Words   |  5 Pagescharacter is eventually brought down by his or her tragic flaws and that’s what makes that character a tragic hero. In the past, there have been many tragic heroes which can relate to Arthur Miller’s essay â€Å"Tragedy and the Common Man,† in both past works of literature and in actual history itself. Throughout history there have been many fallen heroes who have been key subjects to be known in essence as â€Å"tragic heroes.† Famous tragic heroes include ones who fought alongside theirRead MoreDeath of a Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller836 Words   |  4 PagesDeath of a Tragic Hero in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Since the beginning of time, man has endeavored to become something more, to grow as a society. This has been accomplished through many extremes from war and conquest to science and exploration. The struggle endured during these events has indeed been great, but there is no greater struggle, nor one that reaps more reward, than that which the individual goes through to discover himself. Benjamin Franklin once said, â€Å"ThereRead MoreThe Strength of Family in Death of a Salesman and A Raisin in the Sun1198 Words   |  5 Pagesin Arthur Miller’s â€Å"Death of a Salesman† and Lorraine Hansberry’s â€Å"A Raisin in the Sun†, perverted conceptions of the American Dream convince certain characters that they are entitled to the fruits of miracles. Despite their best intentions for supporting their families, Walter Younger and Willy Loman encounter unsurpassable obstacles and are unable to fulfill their dreams. When all hope has been lost, family is the only thing that these characters have left. â€Å"Death of a Salesman† and â€Å"A Raisin inRead MoreWilly Loman, the Modern Hero in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman1739 Words   |  7 PagesCommon Man†, a picture is painted of a â€Å"flaw-full† man, known as the modern hero of tragedies. Miller describes what characteristics the modern tragic hero possesses and how he differs from the heroes depicted by classic Greek playwrights such as Sophocles and Aristotle. In order to understand how drastically the modern hero has evolved, one must first understand the basic characteristics that the heroes created by Sophocles and Aristotle encompass. The Greek tragic heroes, otherwise known as the protagonistsRead MoreEssay about The American Dream in Death of a Salesman1371 Words   |  6 PagesArthur Miller’s ‘Death of a Salesman’ is an examination of American life and consumerism. It relates the story of a common man who portrays this lifes tyle. Other issues explored in the play include: materialism, procrastination and alienation. The play was set in 1948, in a time where The American Dream was highly regarded, despite the Depression. The American Dream was a belief that emerged in the later half of the nineteenth century, that if you work hard you will achieve success and prosperity

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Wearable Device In Health Care Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Internet Of Things In Wearable Device In Health Care. Answer: Introduction Internet of Things is new technology that helps in controlling and maintaining the internet for devices. The connection of devices with internet can be possible with help of internet. This report focuses on the use of Internet of things in wearable device in health care industry. There are various problems discussed in the report regarding the health care industry. This report outlines the support provided by the wearable devices to the patients in the hospitals. There are many wearable devices discussed in the report. People suffering with long-term conditions and other diseases are facing difficulties due to bad care services provided at the hospitals. Individuals are busy in their lives and not getting time to visit doctors and care providers in hospitals (Bonomi et al., 2012). Therefore, there is a serious condition generating in the society with the individuals not getting proper care services. Solution with features The IoT has helped in providing the solution of the problems faced by individuals in the society. There are different projects started for providing solution to the problems with the help of IoT. There are different types of wearable devices invented to resolve the problems in the society. Wearable devices include smart watches, health bands and motion trackers (Batista et al., 2012). These wearable devices help in monitoring the health condition of an individual. One of the motion trackers has been made by Samsung that helps in recording the motion of the body movements of an individual. The sensor installed in the motion tracker detects and analyse the motion of body and record the health condition of the body. As it is a wearable device, individual can easily wear this device all time on their body. Explanation of working The above figure explains about the working of the wearable device on the body and connection with the cloud. These wearable devices are connected with cloud to store the data of the health condition of body. These wearable devices can be accessed from the smart phones that help in easy accessing of device (Gubbi et al., 2013). As shown in the figure, the wearable devices are connected with the cloud server through internet. The device sends signal to the cloud server for accessing the data stored and provides the outcomes to the user. These devices work with help of the rechargeable Li-on battery. Some wearable devices run on heart beat of human body. This helps in checking the pulse rate of the human body (Miorandi et al., 2012). This main concept is taken in many systems resulting in a smart gesture control. Pros and Cons of wearable devices in health care industry Cost The wearable devices help in minimizing the cost of the health care process of an individual. It reduces the daily cost of check up to a doctor (Miorandi et al., 2012). This device provides an opportunity for personal check up of an individual at home. Accessibility These devices can be accessed from anywhere and anytime. An individual wears these devices during daily work. Therefore, it provides a user-friendly environment for the individual. These wearable devices are attractive in seeing and are worn as luxury items (Tariq et al., 2012). Security The data of the check up is stored in the cloud that helps in providing security to that data and health information (Xia et al., 2012). The data are transferred in encrypted form that protects the data packet from being breached. On the other hand, wearable devices has some disadvantages including the high initial price of the wearable devices are not affordable by all individuals (Gubbi et al., 2013). These devices also damages skin of the individual causing allergies and irritation. The device can broke due to regular use by an individual. Conclusion It can be concluded that the IoT has helped in managing the health problems of an individual. There are varies ranges of products available for health care devices solving health problems. The advantages and disadvantages of wearable devices discussed in the report. References Batista, N. C., Melcio, R., Matias, J. C., Catalo, J. P. (2012, October). ZigBee wireless area network for home automation and energy management: Field trials and installation approaches. InInnovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT Europe), 2012 3rd IEEE PES International Conference and Exhibition on(pp. 1-5). IEEE. Bonomi, F., Milito, R., Zhu, J., Addepalli, S. (2012, August). Fog computing and its role in the internet of things. InProceedings of the first edition of the MCC workshop on Mobile cloud computing(pp. 13-16). ACM. Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S., Palaniswami, M. (2013). Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions.Future generation computer systems,29(7), 1645-1660. Jain, S., Vaibhav, A., Goyal, L. (2014, February). Raspberry Pi based interactive home automation system through E-mail. InOptimization, Reliabilty, and Information Technology (ICROIT), 2014 International Conference on(pp. 277-280). IEEE. Miorandi, D., Sicari, S., De Pellegrini, F., Chlamtac, I. (2012). Internet of things: Vision, applications and research challenges.Ad Hoc Networks,10(7), 1497-1516. Tariq, M., Zhou, Z., Wu, J., Macuha, M., Sato, T. (2012, October). Smart grid standards for home and building automation. InPower System Technology (POWERCON), 2012 IEEE International Conference on(pp. 1-6). IEEE. Xia, F., Yang, L. T., Wang, L., Vinel, A. (2012). Internet of things.International Journal of Communication Systems,25(9), 1101.

Friday, April 17, 2020

The Devil and Tom Walker Summary and Study Guide

'The Devil and Tom Walker' Summary and Study Guide Washington Irving, one of early Americas greatest storytellers, was the author of such beloved works as Rip van Winkle (1819) and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820). Another of his short stories, The Devil and Tom Walker, is not as well known, but it is definitely worth seeking out. The Devil and Tom Walker was first published in 1824 among a collection of short stories called Tales of a Traveller, which Irving wrote as Geoffrey Crayon, one of his pseudonyms.  The Devil and Tom Walker appropriately appeared in a section called Money-Diggers, as the tale chronicles the selfish choices of an exceptionally stingy and greedy man. Historical Context Irvings piece is a relatively early entry into the many literary works considered Faustian tales - stories depicting greed, a thirst for instant gratification, and, ultimately, a deal with the devil as the means to such selfish ends. The legend of  Faust  dates to 16th-century Germany, with Christopher Marlowe dramatizing the legend in his play The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, first performed sometime around 1588.  Faustian tales have been a hallmark of Western culture ever since, the major theme of plays, poems,  operas, classical music, and even film and television productions. It is perhaps unsurprising that, given its dark subject, The Devil and Tom Walker sparked a fair amount of controversy, particularly among the religious population. Still, many consider it one of Irvings finest stories and an exemplary piece of narrative writing. In fact, Irvings piece triggered a rebirth of sorts for the Faustian tale. It is widely reported to have inspired  Stephen Vincent Benets The Devil and Daniel Webster, which appeared in The Saturday Evening Post in 1936 - more than a century after Irvings story came out. Plot Summary The book opens with the tale of how  Captain Kidd, a pirate, buried some treasure in a swamp just outside Boston. It then jumps to the year 1727, when New Englander Tom Walker happened to find himself walking through this swamp. Walker, explains the narrator, was just the kind of man to jump at the prospect of a buried treasure, as he, along with his wife, were selfish to the point of destruction. While walking through the swamp,  Walker comes upon the devil, a great black man carrying an ax, whom Irving calls Old Scratch. The devil in disguise  tells Walker about the treasure, saying that he controls it but will give it to Tom for a price. Walker agrees readily, without really considering what he is expected to pay in return - his soul. The rest of the tale follows the twists and turns one might expect as a result of greed-driven decisions and deal-making with the devil. Main Characters Tom Walker, the protagonist of the story,  is described as a meager miserly fellow and is probably Irvings most despised (or least likable) character. Despite his many unsavory characteristics, he is also memorable.  Initially, Walker rejects Old Scratchs offer, but he eventually gives in to the devils conditions. Walker has been compared to Faust/Faustus, a character who has appeared in countless works through literary history, from Marlowe, Goethe, and beyond. Walkers wife is such a minor character that her name is never given, but she can be likened to her husband in her miserly nature and volatile temper, as Irving describes: Toms wife was a tall termagant, fierce of temper, loud of tongue, and strong of arm. Her voice was often heard in wordy warfare with her husband, and his face sometimes showed signs that their conflicts were not confined to words. Old Scratch  is another name for the devil. Old Scratch is described as a dark-skinned man. Washington Irving wrote, It is true, he was dressed in a rude, half Indian garb, and had a red belt or sash swathed round his body, but his face was neither black nor copper color, but swarthy and dingy and begrimed with soot, as if he had been accustomed to toil among fires and forges. The actions of Old Scratch are similar to other tales where he is the tempter, who offers the protagonist riches or other gains in exchange for the characters soul. Major Events and Setting The Devil and Tom Walker may be a short story but quite a bit takes place in its few pages. The events - and the locations where they take place - really drive the overarching theme of the story: avarice and its consequences. The events of the story can be divided into two locations: Old Indian Fort Tom Walker meets Old Scratch: Tom takes a shortcut through tangled, dark, and dingy swamplands, which are so dark and uninviting that they represent hell in the story. Tom meets the devil, Old Scratch, at an abandoned Indian fort hidden away in the swamplands.Old Scratch offers Tom Walker great sums of money in exchange for certain conditions. The conditions are, of course, that Walker gives his soul in his deal with the devil.The devil offers Tom riches hidden by Captain  Kidd if Tom agrees to sell his soul to Old Scratch. Tom agrees.Toms wife confronts Old Scratch. She goes into the swamplands, twice, hoping that Old Scratch would make a deal with her instead of her husband. Toms wife absconds with all of the couples valuables for the second meeting, but she disappears into the swamplands and is never heard from again. Boston Bolstered by the ill-gotten riches offered by Old Scratch, Walker opens a brokers office in Boston. Walker lends money freely, but he is merciless in his dealings and ruins the lives of many borrowers, often repossessing their property.A ruined speculator asks for a debt he owes to Tom to be forgiven. Walker refuses, but the devil rides in on a horse, easily sweeps Tom up, and gallops away - and Tom is never seen again. After that, all the deeds and notes in Walkers safe turn to ash, and his house mysteriously burns down. Key Quotes The legend of a man who sold his soul to the devil and its devious consequences has been retold many times, but Irvings original words truly reveal the story. Setting the scene: About the year 1727, just at the time when earthquakes were prevalent in New England and shook many tall sinners down upon their knees, there lived near this place a meager miserly fellow of the name of Tom Walker. Describing the protagonist: Tom was a hard-minded fellow, not easily daunted, and he had lived so long with a termagant wife, that he did not even fear the devil. Describing the protagonist and his wife: ...they were so miserly that they even conspired to cheat each other. Whatever the woman could lay hands on she hid away: a hen could not cackle but she was on the alert to secure the new-laid egg. Her husband was continually prying about to detect her secret hoards, and many and fierce were the conflicts that took place about what ought to have been common property. Laying out the potential moral consequences of greed: As Tom waxed old, however, he grew thoughtful. Having secured the good things of this world, he began to feel anxious about those of the next. The communitys state of mind regarding the death of Walker and his wife: The good people of Boston shook their heads and shrugged their shoulders, but had been so much accustomed to witches and goblins and tricks of the devil in all kinds of shapes from the first settlement of the colony, that they were not so much horror struck as might have been expected. Study Guide Questions Once students have had a chance to read this classic tale, test their knowledge with these study questions: What is important about the title? Had you ever heard the phrase before reading the story?  What are the conflicts in The Devil and Tom Walker? What types of conflict (physical, moral, intellectual, or emotional) do you see?Does Irving reveal character in  The Devil and Tom Walker?  Who was Faust (in literary history)? How could Tom Walker be said to have made a Faustian bargain?How does greed factor into this story? Do you think the Walker familys financial situation plays a factor in their choices?  Ã‚  What are some themes in the story? How do they relate to the plot and characters?  Compare and contrast Tom Walker with Scrooge in A Christmas Carol, by  Charles Dickens  Is Tom Walker consistent in his actions? Is he a fully developed character? How? Why?  Do you find the characters likable? Are the characters persons you would want to meet?  Discuss some of the symbols in The Devil and Tom Walker.  How are women portrayed in this story? Is the portrayal positiv e or negative?  Ã‚  Does the story end the way you expected? How? Why? How did you feel about the ending? Was it fair? Why or why not?   What is the central or primary purpose of the story? Is the purpose important or meaningful?  How essential is the setting to the story? Could the story have taken place anywhere else?  What supernatural or surprising events are employed by  Washington Irving? Are these happenings believable?  How do you think Irvings Christian  beliefs impacted his writing?  Ã‚  What would you trade your soul for?  Do you think Tom and his wife made the right choice?

Friday, March 13, 2020

Thomas Hardy analysis of three poems Essay Example

Thomas Hardy analysis of three poems Essay Example Thomas Hardy analysis of three poems Paper Thomas Hardy analysis of three poems Paper who then settles down, as emotionally more deep lonely, lost. Hardy emotions are like Unseen waters, metaphorically symbolize life and the subconscious, which he confronts in this poem. Hardy s use of language is very apt, he describes Emma as a rose flush, which recalls line 23, all aglow. The image of her is intensely physical, perhaps implicitly sexual. The reader gets strongly engaged in Hardys memory. The sounds of wind and nature as a whole, coupled by the ghostly presence of these gray eyes and the direct speech lead throughout his journey until the final lines when surprisingly the ghost vanishes from him. As if awaken by the whitens hazily, the reader is now prepared to find a happy ending. Hardys ending seem positive and assuring. At the end of the poem, there is a harsh rhyme (lours/flowers) and a declaration which, it seems to me, can only be read ironically and hopelessly against the background of loss I am just the same as when/Our days were a joy, and our paths through flowers nearly as if stating but you are not. The Trust me though Life lours introducing this declaration might imply a recognition that trust may be betrayed.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Security Issue s In Ecommerce Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Security Issue s In Ecommerce - Essay Example acy of result, frankness and convenience of payment processes, loss of collateral information, globalisation, and rise of new commerce models (Laudon & Traver, 2008). Small firms seek to venture into ecommerce with the main aim of increasing revenue through reaching new markets and winning more clients. Ecommerce will enable the small business shorten procurement cycles through the use of on-line cataloguing, checking and payment, gain access to global markets at a smaller portion of traditionalcosts, ensure product, marketing information and prices are always up to date, allow them to compete with large businesses over a common platform, and increase sales opportunities. In addition, ecommerce will enable these small firms ease the audits they conduct on their systems because electronic data is easier to audit. It will also enable them reach out to clients in remote areas, and ensure the goods are available 24/7 for anyone to purchase. This will surely lead to increased generation of revenues. As we all know, fraudsters would aim on the big firms in the ecommerce business. Their enormousconsumer base is like mouth-watering bait for fraudsters. That may safe to think, however, it has been a big misconception.While the aim of fraudsters is to access money, they are not aiming at big ecommerce stores. They go for the small companies for the key reason that smaller e-commerce sites appear to have disregarded one important element – strict security measures. The easy access to critical information and the susceptibility of security systems trap these fraudsters to these smaller stores that are engaging into ecommerce. Campbell et al (2010, p.37) estimates that 90 per cent of credit card safety compromises in the ecommerce industry originate from Level 4 Merchants (ecommerce websites that process fewer than 1 million total card payment dealings and less than 20,000 ecommerce dealings in a year. As a small business, it is important to understand the reasons that

Sunday, February 9, 2020

How To Create A Facebook Page And Computer Mediated Communication Research Paper

How To Create A Facebook Page And Computer Mediated Communication - Research Paper Example In most cases therefore, there should be two or more computers involved. The current page that was created was created based on the idea of computer mediated communication. Specifically, it was a Facebook Page. It would be noted from the presentation and the programming of the page that the Facebook Page makes the exchange of as many forms of messages as possible. These include text messages, video messages, audio messages and still graphics messages. The commonest form of messaging that takes place is however the use of text and pictures (still graphics). Through the Facebook Page, other online users of Facebook can be reached and communicated to. Those users must however accept the invitation of the host to communicate. In most cases, a friend request is sent to a person with whom the host wants to communicate. The invitee then accepts the friend request if he or she knows the host or is interested in the friendship. Once the acceptance is done, there can be inbox messaging, text c hatting and video chatting between the two parties. Once a while, a user of Facebook can also post a message that can be viewed by all friends even if the message posted at a time those friends were offline. Overview of Specific Concepts that were utilized in the Page Creation Identity construction All people have identities in the very usual world in which we live in. once you meet a person, it is easier to identify the person by the kind of clothes, hair colour, facial shape and other things like that. In the same way, Estoisia et al (2009) note that computer mediated communication such as Facebook, â€Å"people are likewise identified by language in what they write, and how they choose to visually display themselves.† Identity construction therefore refers to the kind of identified image that a person gives to him or herself on the social network. Self disclosure Again as a characteristic of communication, it is virtually impossible to know everything about a person after just one encounter of communication. The ability to know more about a person therefore happens at a gradual pace and with time (Walther et al., 2008). The same is true with computer mediated communication whereby the disclosure that a person gives to him or herself on the Facebook Page created will happen on a gradual basis. As a matter of fact, one must follower a specific user for quite a long time to really come to terms with who that fellow truly is. Self Deception Social networks actually serve as platforms for which people create positive identities of themselves. For this reason, it often happens that one may deny the obvious positive facts about others so that they would keep a clean and flamboyant mental image about themselves. This indeed is the basis of self deception as Skeptic’s Dictionary (2012) states that â€Å"Self-deception, in short, is a way we justify false beliefs about ourselves to ourselves.† Privacy management In computer mediated communication , efforts are made to keep certain parts of a person’s life as private as possible because people who tend to be our friends on Facebook Pages are not necessarily people who really know and can trust. For this reason, it is always important to have privacy management features on the page to sieve the rate of information about a user that goes out to the public. Description of how Specific Concepts were utilized in the Page Creation In the present page that was created, identity construction was utilized in such a way that it would certainly take the host of the page the need to give certain basic information to identify the host as a user before the

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Compare the Ways the Distinctively Visual Is Created in Run Essay Example for Free

Compare the Ways the Distinctively Visual Is Created in Run Essay Compare the ways the distinctively visual is created in Run Lola Run and in one other related text of your choosing. Distinctively visual texts aim to manipulate the way we explore and interpret the images we see. Critically affecting the way we make interpretations of the experiences we encounter in the world. The distinctively visual represented in Run Lola Run by Tom Tykwer and the Dove Artificial Time Lapse are similar in some elements. Run Lola Run has multiple distinctively visual features throughout the film, but the Dove ad on the overhand has a few techniques or elements thrown into a 2minute short film. Through Tom Tykwer 1998 film Run Lola Run, he presents visual images and reflects the dominance of post modernism in popular culture at the same time. He has included in the film a set of themes/ideas, which characterise the cultural context: e. g. is Fate versus freewill. The colour red appears throughout the film, as a motif representative of different emotions and ideas central to the film’s core message. Red suggests a sense of passion and freedom from inhibition, quintessentially by Lola’s vivid hair. The colour of Lola’s hair makes her distinctive as the protagonist of the film, as well as symbolising her attitude of defiance towards authority and her individualism. Another motif is circles and spirals in the film, they have been incorporated throughout the film, from the various extreme close ups of clocks to the logos upon buildings and personnel uniforms. Further examples include: the Mercedes benz insignia, the various rings that Lola wears around her fingers, the Bolle sign on the wall behind the phone booth where Manni waits for Lola and the spinning spiral at the Spirale Bar. These circles all symbolises the film’s central message that life is circular and cylical; endings are new beginnings and beginnings mark the end of that which came prior. The image of the spiral is used in the film to represent confusion and desperation as well as the interplay between Fate and our own Free will. For instance, a spiral is used to convey Manni’s confusion about the events of the day prior the call to Lola while he is outside the Spirale Bar. This function as a visual metaphor for the idiom â€Å"his life is spiralling out of control†, a potent reminder of the consequences born of bad decision making or apathy about the outcome of one’s existence. In my related text the Dove Artificial Time Lapse it looks our how the media and we deceive beauty. The ad shows a girl who just looks normal nothing special but is turned into a model by the use of different techniques. Lighting is a key element used during the ad. The beginning when the girl comes in and takes a seat they have used low-key lighting to introduce the subject to the viewer. Once the change begins to the girl the lighting changes, high-key lighting is used to highlight the subject as the transformation happens. Another technique used is movement; this refers to the movement of actors or objects known as kinetics, the movement of the camera and the mechanical distortion of movement. The ad has included mechanical distortion and multiple freeze frames or snap shots of a change in appearance to the girl. They have created this by taking multiple photos to show the motion of the clip at a faster pace. By looking at these two texts you can point out the distinctively visuals created by the themes and motifs found in Run Lola Run and The Dove Artificial Time Lapse. They have incorporated many visual techniques to show both these films; although they are two completely different films you can see the similarities between them.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

The Importance of the Scaffold in Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter :: free essay writer

  The Importance of the Scaffold in The Scarlet Letter   Since the beginning of time humans have had to confront their sinfulness. Some rely on religious faith to help with the struggle against sin while others add to their sins by lying to hide other sins. In the end, man must stand alone – as a sinful creature before God. In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, Dimmesdale struggles with his sin until he discovers the scaffold as a place to find peace with himself. That scaffold holds more importance than just somewhere to condemn prisoners. It is the one place where Dimmesdale felt liberated to say anything he wishes. In Puritan culture, the scaffold is used to humiliate and chastise prisoners, be it witches at the stake, thieves in the stocks, or a murderer hanging from the gallows. In The Scarlet Letter, the scaffold was viewed more as a place of judgment. â€Å"Meagre ... was the sympathy that a transgressor might look for, from such bystanders, at the scaffold.† (p. 63) Indeed, it was used for castigation, but it was also a place of trial: Hester’s trial was held at the scaffold. Standing upon the platform opens oneself to God and to the world. â€Å"They stood in the noon of that strange and solemn splendor, as if it were the light that is to reveal all secrets, and the daybreak that shall unite all who belong to one another.† (p. 186) Being on the scaffold puts oneself in a feeling of spiritual nakedness- where you f eel exposed to God, but cleansed. It was the one place where Dimmesdale could find complete reconciliation.                Witnessing such an event as reconciliation is quite a fascinating experience. But without knowing what is going on, it can also be quite horrifying. â€Å"Without any effort of his will, or power to restrain himself, he [Dimmesdale] shrieked aloud: an outcry that went pealing through the night, and was beaten back from one house to another, and reverberated from the hills in the background; as if a company of devils, detecting so much misery and terror in it, had made a plaything of the sound, and were bandying it to and fro.† (pp. 178-9) Indeed, the townsfolk felt the latter. â€Å"Drowsy slumberers mistook the cry either for something frightful in a dream, or for the noise of witches.†(p. 179) They did not understand that this was his reconciliation.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Ethical Issues in the Social Worker’s Roles in Pas

Review and Critique of â€Å"Ethical Issues in the Social Worker’s Role in PAS (Ameda A. Manetta and Jancie G. Wells, 2001) Tracy S. Robinson September 2010 (Ameda A. Manetta and Jancie G. Wells, 2001). Ethical issues in the social worker’s role in pas. Health ;amp; Social Work/ Volume 26, pg 3 Introduction The author’s focus was on ethical issues in physician assisted suicide and the role it plays amongst social worker’s. The author’s presented results of an exploratory study of social workers views on physician assisted suicide (PAS).In which social workers favored or not favor PAS and whether there is a difference in education or training on mental health issues, ethics, or suicide that may influenced their views as well. The involvement with PAS presents an ethical dilemma, which in this article refers to a situation in which social workers think they have no definitive guidelines for professional behavior. The article has current interest beca use it is important that social workers have been properly prepare and train to work with clients making end of life decision.Summary of the author’s main points Purpose of the study. The purpose of the study was to determine social workers views on physician assisted suicide (PAS). The study involved participant from three separate workshops on suicide that were presented by the first author. The study subsamples sixty-six social workers. The social workers either had a South Carolina social work license or a bachelor’s or master’s degree in social work. The participants recruitment where given a questionnaire that contained twenty-six questions, most of which required yes or no responses.The study focus on how these different elements guide social workers in making ethical decisions regarding intervention with clients. There were areas in the articles that mention how social workers had difficulties in doing that. Summary of literature review as presented by t he author. The study found that physician assisted suicide is one of the most frequently debated issues in American Society (Bachman et al.. , 1996; Foley, 1997). The study found that people are divide on the issues.It has brought arguments about preservation of life, autonomy, and self-determination of individual. This gives ethical and moral complicity of end life decision making. The study found that most social worker agrees that PAS should be reserved for people who are dying from terminal illness. However the other percentage that opposes argue that underutilization of narcotics for pain control leaves terminally ill patient in pain during the end of life as well. The finding for the arguments had little research conducted on the etiology of actual cases of PAS.Most of the available data is on suicide among individuals who acted alone. It has found that when people are experiencing personal difficulties or have lowered coping capacity, they are at risk of suicide. However term inally ill people are rarely suicidal, the author’s have shown studies that the main difference between terminally ill patient who become suicidal and those who don’t is the presence of clinical depression in the patients who are suicidal. Summary of ethical issues.There are some ethical dilemmas that occur when there is a lack of knowledge about state and federal legislation governing practice are sufficiently prepared to work responsibly with clients and family considering PAS. Some ethical issues arise when the lack of knowledge may have produced biased thinking in social workers projecting what they want in a situation onto their clients or client’s family. The instruments. The researchers used a questionnaire as their instrument in the study. The survey instrument contained twenty-six questions.The questions included demographic information on age, race, religion, and educational degree. Sampling techniques. There were a total of ninety-eight participants, including physician, psychologists, nurses, and social workers complete the questionnaire. The finding reported here based on a subsample of sixty-six social workers who either had a South Carolina social work license or a bachelor’s or master’s degree in social work. Methods of data analysis. The researchers used the statistical program for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyze the data.Descriptive statistics were calculated on demographic information. A chi-square analysis was used to determine if there were any statistical relationships between social workers who agreed and those who disagreed with PAS by whether they had universal courses, additional training, and knowledge of the PAS law of South Carolina. Data collection techniques. Participant’s recruitment occurred at three separate workshops on suicide. As attendees enter the workshop a questionnaire was administrated to ninety-eight participants. Summary of study findings.The author’s of this ar ticle had the following major findings: (a) that social workers in South Carolina are evenly divided about who supported PAS and who did not support it. (b) circumstances under PAS would be favored for reasons other than terminal illness, were two-thirds agreed with PAS if a person had terminal illness, compared with thirty-seven percentage. (c) majority of respondents stated that they had taken university courses or had additional training in the field of mental health, ethics and suicide. Relevance of the article to social work profession.Resolving ethical problems. The authors suggest obtaining information from social worker who works with a broad spectrum of clients would help in formulating policy. Since PAS and legacy of PAS are applicable to all populations. The authors in the article also suggest that legislation should set up some type of ethical practice by requiring that social workers be licensed in one of the three levels. And social workers only should practice in area s in which they have expertise and license in. Benefits of the article to social workers.The social workers may benefits from this article because it makes them more aware about PAS. It also benefits by informing social workers of the accountability of their action when assist clients and their families who request information about PAS. The article helps social workers want to get more inform about the policies related to PAS and how it would affect them has social workers. The article gave them a broader view of end of life decision from the narrow biomedical and single focus on self-determination to one that incorporates the core value of human rights. Critique and Personal Opinions.Critique. The article was relevant to social work practice. The article focused on the issues that needed to be address toward social workers roles in PAS. The authors identify the ethical dilemmas that social workers have been avoiding conflicts in the view of PAS. The research that was conducted was limited due to the fact of its small sample size, but the results of it confirm the need for more extensive research in the area of social work with PAS. Personal opinions. In my opinion I would have liked for the study to have been broader in their selection of participants.I think that there should have been a state wide study done. South Caroline shouldn’t have been the only sate involved in their study. I believe if they had more statistics it would have capture a broader view of what they were trying to get cross. I wonder if they had given the questionnaires at the end of the workshop they would have gotten a better response in data. Improving the study. In order to improve the study what would have been done differently? I think I would have included more workshops of suicide to pull more research from the study.The study was conducted with limitations in it. Those limitations of study did affect the calculation and results of the study. I would have liked the authors to have gone farther into the dilemmas that social workers have with avoidance of conflict. Conclusion. The article included valuable but limited information. The authors of this wanted to focus on the ethical dilemma that surrounded social workers with (PAS). The authors study did point out issues that needed to be address to help social worker want to make better ethical decision when it comes to dealing with end of life decision.This decision should be consistence with social worker values of protection of vulnerable populations in today’s society. The study also identifies the need for NASW to disseminate its professional policy statement to the profession and to broaden their views of end of life decision. I believe this is a great start that the authors brought forth in helping social workers down the path to end the ethical dilemma presented toward PAS.References (Ameda A. Manetta and Jancie G. Wells, 2001)

Monday, January 6, 2020

What Is the Empty Set in Set Theory

When can nothing be something? It seems like a silly question, and quite paradoxical.   In the mathematical field of set theory, it is routine for nothing to be something other than nothing. How can this be? When we form a set with no elements, we no longer have nothing. We have a set with nothing in it. There is a special name for the set which contains no elements. This is called the empty or null set. A Subtle Difference The definition of the empty set is quite subtle and requires a little bit of thought. It is important to remember that we think of a set as a collection of elements. The set itself is different from the elements that it contains. For example, we will look at {5}, which is a set containing the element 5. The set {5} is not a number. It is a set with the number 5 as an element, whereas 5 is a number. In a similar way, the empty set is not nothing. Instead, it is the set with no elements. It helps to think of sets as containers, and the elements are those things that we put in them. An empty container is still a container and is analogous to the empty set. The Uniqueness of the Empty Set The empty set is unique, which is why it is entirely appropriate to talk about the empty set, rather than an empty set. This makes the empty set distinct from other sets. There are infinitely many sets with one element in them. The sets {a}, {1}, {b} and {123} each have one element, and so they are equivalent to one another.   Since the elements themselves are different from one another, the sets are not equal. There is nothing special about the examples above each having one element. With one exception, for any counting number or infinity, there are infinitely many sets of that size. The exception is for the number zero. There is only one set, the empty set, with no elements in it. The mathematical proof of this fact is not difficult. We first assume that the empty set is not unique, that there are two sets with no elements in them, and then use a few properties from set theory to show that this assumption implies a contradiction. Notation and Terminology for the Empty Set The empty set is denoted by the symbol ∅, which comes from a similar symbol in the Danish alphabet. Some books refer to the empty set by its alternate name of null set. Properties of the Empty Set Since there is only one empty set, it is worthwhile to see what happens when the set operations of intersection, union, and complement are used with the empty set and a general set that we will denote by X. It is also interesting to consider subset of the empty set and when is the empty set a subset. These facts are collected below: The intersection of any set with the empty set is the empty set. This is because there are no elements in the empty set, and so the two sets have no elements in common. In symbols, we write X ∠© ∅ ∅.The union of any set with the empty set is the set we started with. This is because there are no elements in the empty set, and so we are not adding any elements to the other set when we form the union. In symbols, we write X U ∅ X.The complement of the empty set is the universal set for the setting that we are working in. This is because the set of all elements that are not in the empty set is just the set of all elements.The empty set is a subset of any set. This is because we form subsets of a set X by selecting (or not selecting) elements from X. One option for a subset is to use no elements at all from X. This gives us the empty set.